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Chapter 8 Acoustic Phonetics
CD 8.1 - Speech synthesis demonstration
The spectrograms are reproduced here so that they can be seen more clearly.
CD 8.2 - Figure 8.3 A spectrogram of the words heed, hid, head, had, hod, hawed, hood, who’d as spoken by a male speaker of American English. The locations of the first three formants are shown be arrows.
CD 8.3 - Figure 8.4 A spectrogram of the words heed, hid, head, had, hod, hawed, hood, who’d as spoken in a British accent. The locations of the first three formants are shown be arrows.
CD 8.4 - Figure 8.6 A blank formant chart for showing the relation between vowels. Using the information in Figures 8.3 and 8.4, plot the frequency of the first formant on the ordinate (the vertical axis) and the second formant on the abscissa (the horizontal axis). Click here to download as a .pdf
CD 8.5 - Figure 8.7 A spectrogram of the words a bab, a dad, a gag.
CD 8.6 - Figure 8.8 A spectrogram of a Pam, a tan, a kang. The arrows indicate the oral closures forming the nasal consonants.
CD 8.7 - Figure 8.9 A spectrogram of fie, thigh, sigh, shy. The frequency scale goes up to 8,000 Hz in this figure. The arrows mark the onsets of the second formant transitions. Only the first word is shown in full. The second part of the diphthong has been deleted for the other words.
CD 8.8 - Figure 8.10 A spectrogram of ever, weather, fizzer, pleasure.
CD 8.9 - Figure 8.11 A spectrogram of led, red, wed, yell.
CD 8.10 - Figure 8.12 A spectrogram of She came back and started again.
CD 8.11 - Figure 8.13 A spectrogram of I should have thought spectrograms were unreadable spoken in a normal, but rapid, conversational style (British English).
CD 8.12 - Figure 8.14 A spectrogram of an English sentence as described in the text.
CD 8.13 - Figure 8.15 A spectrogram of an ordinary English sentence containing no names (British accent).
CD 8.14 - Figure 8.16 Wide-band (upper part of the figure) and narrow-band (lower part) spectrogram of the question Is Pat sad, or mad? The 5th, 10th and 15th harmonics have been marked by white squares in two of the vowels.
CD 8.15 - Figure 8.17 A spectrogram of the words heed, hid, head, had, hod, hawed, hood, who’d as spoken by a female speaker of American English. The locations of the first three formants are shown be arrows.